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Salgados lagoon
Lying on the site of the old Pera marsh, the Salgados Lagoon has
become one of the most visited birdwatching sites in the Algarve.
Visit:
The best time for visiting this site is in the evening, due to more favourable light conditions.
The distribution of birds at this location varies greatly depending on water levels in the lagoon, so it is
In the open waters of the lagoon there are usually Coot and Little Grebe, while the surrounding patches of
sedge are used as shelter by Moorhens. There are also some reeds, which in spring hold Little Bitterns.
Among the ducks, Mallard is the most common, but there are usually some Common Pochards, Gadwalls
and Shovelers. In the autumn and winter, the number of ducks may reach several thousand, and at this time
of year, in addition to the species mentioned above it is easy to see flocks of Teal and, with luck, a Pintail or a
Red-crested Pochard.

Along the banks of the lagoon is not difficult to find waders, but their number varies according to the water
level and the time of year. Black-winged Stilt, Turnstone, Black-tailed Godwit, Common Sandpiper, Common
Redshank and Greenshank are some of the common species that can be regularly observed. Sometimes
Bar-tailed Godwit turns up. Other interesting birds that can usually be seen this site are Greater Flamingo
(sometimes in good numbers, and it should be noted that there was an attempt to breed in the spring of
2010), Glossy Ibis, Spoonbill, Marsh Harrier and Caspian Tern (the latter is a wintering species in the area).

It is worth taking a look at the golf course which lies on the opposite bank, as there are often a few Purple
Swamp Hens , along with Coots and flocks of Spotless Starling.

In the surrounding areas it is possible to find Kestrel and several species of passerines: among residents,
the most common are Crested Lark, Stonechat and Zitting Cisticola; in autumn, a few trans-saharan
migrants put in appearance, like Whinchat and Northern Wheatear, whereas in winter there are Skylark and
White Wagtail.
Best season: all year
District: Faro
County: Silves
Where it is: near the village of Pera, about 2 miles east of Armação de Pera Beach. Access from the main
N125 road is made by Alcantarilha, following the signs to Praia Grande. Shortly after passing the café called
can also reach the place from Albufeira, in this case taking the road that leads westwards and passes
through the Vale da Parra.


If you want to know other places to watch birds in this region, we suggest:
Na lagoa dos Salgados existem manchas de vegetaçao emergente que servem de refúgio a várias espécies de aves aquáticas
Most interesting species:
Little Bittern, Spoonbill, Glossy Ibis, Flamingo, Pintail, Red-crested Pochard, Purple Swamp Hen,
Black-winged Stilt, Caspian Tern, Black Tern, Crested Lark, Bluethroat

Other species:
Little Grebe, Cormorant, Cattle Egret, Little Egret, Grey Heron, White Stork, Gadwall, Teal, Mallard,
Shoveler, Common Pochard, Marsh Harrier, Common Kestrel, Moorhen, Eurasian Coot, Ringed Plover,
Black-tailed Godwit, Bar-tailed Godwit,  Common Redshank, Greenshank, Common Sandpiper,
Turnstone, Lesser Black-backed Gull, Yellow-legged Gull, Kingfisher, Skylark, Yellow Wagtail,
White Wagtail, Whinchat, Common Stonechat, Northern Wheatear, Zitting Cisticola, Spotless Starling

Rarities:
Canada goose, Ferruginous Duck, Lesser Scaup, White-headed Duck, Crested Coot,
American Golden Plover, Buff-breasted Sandpiper, Long-billed Dowitcher, Lesser Yellowlegs,
Terek Sandpiper, Franklin’s Gull, Chimney Swift
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